The development of psychology



Contents

  • 1 Psychology
  • 2 The development of psychology
  • 3 types of psychology
  • 4 future fields of psychology
  • 5 References

psychology

The sciences are varied, and are distinguished between them. To know the nature of these sciences, and the differences between them, their definitions must first be adjusted, and from this starting point it can be said that psychology is one of those sciences that have been collected and seized with many rules, theories and concepts, it is: science that is interested in studying Human behavior and the mental processes that accompany it, which in its entirety constitute the human personality, the manner of its interaction, and the extent of its integration with those around it; therefore psychology studies these factors and how they affect behavior, knowing that it is one of the sciences that are divided into two tracks in its application. Consider it A cognitive psychological concepts integrated into the behaviors in the process of the human personality , and those who around him, too , and can learn and practice as a career consultant, and therapeutic for individuals, families , and this is the broader professional scope, and the most literal and specialized.[1] [2]

Research in the fields of psychology is renewed, deepened, and constantly evolving; this is due to the continuous pursuit of knowing how human thought and behavior are affected by the various variables, factors, and influences that can move these entities in the human psyche; family, society, surrounding conditions, and information All factors contribute to influencing human thought and behavior in various ways, and in varying proportions, to reflect this on practical applications that psychology can leave its mark on, such as: mental health care programs, rehabilitation, self-development, and individual performance development Improving the work environment, and raising awareness of feelings, ideas, motivations, and behaviors, and the role of psychology is not limited toOn the therapeutic aspects, but it extends to the preventive or developmental aspects, such as the drafting of speeches, public announcements, and interest in the designs of some custom buildings to meet the specific needs of their visitors, as well as in military life , psychological support for soldiers, war-affected people, and prisoners, as well as support for people with special needs And caring for patients with psychological and positive support, as all of these renewed applications negate the narrow view of psychology, the traditional view of its practitioners. Today it is a science that analyzes and describes human behavior, its motives and fate, which qualifies it to predict Accept behavioral trends, and the potential influence. [3]

The development of psychology

The first attempts began to form concepts of psychology, and its dimensions since the seventeenth century, and these attempts did not appear in its initial integrated form until the end of the nineteenth century, as what was reached by the French philosopher Rene Descartes is one of the first of these attempts, and what can be reached in the relationship Interactive between body, mind, and which give rise to human behavior conscious, associated with thought and logic, where scientists had previously relied on observation, logical extrapolation; to receive information, the conclusion of which, as there were other discoveries supported psychology; in the middle of the century Ten large, A world of German Wilhelm Wundt book (Principles of Physiological Psychology), and in which he referred to the existence of significant links between the functions of the bodyAnd thought to produce human behavior, and his accomplishments culminated in the opening of the first laboratory for psychology in the world in 1879 AD, which thousands of people flocked to and paved the way for after him to use the experimental scientific method of inference, statistics, and comparison. [4]

Psychology became popular in the United States in the late nineteenth century, and one of the fruits of this event was that the scientist William James wrote his book (Principles of Psychology), which is considered a standard reference for psychology from the American point of view, and soon psychology began to take applied forms. And the other process, the Austrian doctor Sigmund Freud contributed to changing one of the facets of the applied fields of psychology to this day by affirming and proving the effectiveness of the role of the unconscious mind in shaping human thought and behavior, which led to improved methods of care, deepening their application, and their impact in the areas of care a Mentality, and others, that the evolution of psychology flourished during the twentieth century, the emergence of curriculum psychology Behavioral which focused on the behavior, and marginalized the role of the mindConscious, and unconscious, in an attempt to control psychology with sources and scientific tools that can be viewed and documented. [4]

As for the second half of the twentieth century, it witnessed a new development in the specialized schools of thought in psychology, with the emergence of what is known as human psychology, which depends in its structure on the will of man, and his conscious behavior in determining his present, his future, and the results of this methodology (Maslow pyramid) And it is: a hierarchical system developed by the psychologist Abraham Maslow, in which he included the basic needs of the human soul, expressing that the human being is pushing his needs towards meeting them, and with the completion of the fulfillment of every need, and being satisfied with it, man yearns to meet the next need in his higher level, and to consolidate the relationship between Science, The human soul emerged as what is known as (cognitive psychology), which is still imposing its control with the development of means and tools of scientific and psychological knowledge. Scientists are trying to know the facts of the psychological and intellectual interactions that result in behavior, and researchers are still analyzing the worlds of perception, Memory, mind, language, intelligence , decision-making mechanism, self- awareness , biological influence, factors influencing the family, society and culture . [4]

Types of psychology

There are many types of psychology, and its practical and professional applications, according to the fields it serves, and it is provided with the support and necessary care. Among the most important of these types are the following: [5]
  • Clinical Psychology.
  • Cognitive psychology.
  • Developmental psychology.
  • Evolutionary psychology.
  • Healthy psychology.
  • Forensic psychology.
  • Neuropsychology.
  • Occupational Psychology.
  • Social Psychology.

Future fields of psychology

Technological development has invaded the scientific fields of their different nature, which allowed these sciences to converge on a common ground in which technical ties bring them together, and the latest inventions, such as artificial intelligence , sensor technology, robots, photography, etc. For example, the results of its results have been developed, noting that efforts must be joined together for psychology to have that twinning between it and the rapidly evolving technology, and it is worth noting that one of the areas in which psychology can flourish In the future, what follows: [6]
  • He merged psychology with engineering and technological sciences as a discipline that supports logical and scientific foundations of mathematics, physics, and other applied sciences.
  • Reinforcing the link between psychology and health care methods, where the role of psychology does not stop at the therapeutic solution to mental or cognitive diseases, but it may go beyond it to psychological treatment for physical diseases, resisting its symptoms mentally, and behaviorally after awareness of it, and strengthening psychologically; to treat it, as to The development of psychological behavior may contribute to the improvement of preventive programs and mental health of individuals who are not sick; controlling the behavior of the individual, his emotions, the balance of his lifestyle, the stability of his awareness, and his emotions are all factors that should be taken care of and studied, so that everyone can enjoy better physical and mental health.
  • Study the relationships between different health symptoms in their spread, strength, and some psychological or biological factors, such as age, ethnic group, conditions of minorities, and social and economic status, as they are all factors that may have an impact on the formation of some health or psychological symptoms, as it is When compared and analyzed, we have small societies that include psychological factors and common health symptoms. Studying these cases and looking at their conditions may help in creating deeper and longer-lasting solutions than simply treating the symptom medically, without neglecting the psychological aspect of the individual, Family, and society.

These scientific, technical, and therapeutic medical fields, all of which are preventive, require a reconsideration of psychology from a different angle that looks to the future, and builds on what has been accomplished for this science in the past; traditional methods do not make use of the potentials, and the opportunities available today, it is not true that Science evolves, and its applications, while human psychology remains dependent on growth and prosperity. It is worth noting that with globalization and tremendous technical acceleration, psychology becomes the test of innovation for integrated, harmonious, and supportive solutions to health fields, and Technical, societal, military, and relief needs to meet the needs of society, secure its mental and physical health, and strengthen its social, economic and cognitive structure. [7]

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