One of the first to discover oil


  • 1 Oil discovery
  • 2 the discovery of oil in the Arab countries
  • 3 oil
  • 4 References

oil discovery

The Babylonians are considered to be the first to use oil in Mesopotamia since 4000 BC, when they used the tar, which is known as a tar ore, as a material to block ships. [1]

Wells were drilled by pioneers to search for water or saline solution in the late nineteenth century, and oil was found at that time, but oil was not important at that time, and with the passage of time and many historical factors changed the kerosene lamp was invented which needed Lots of oil, and in 1856 AD, Colonel Edwin Drake drilled the first successful well across the rocks, to produce crude oil, and some called it Drake Foley. [1]

The discovery of oil in the Arab countries

Oil was discovered in many countries in the Middle East, such as: the Arabian Peninsula, Iraq, Kuwait, the United Arab Emirates, and many other Arab countries. In 1944 AD, geologist Evert Lee de Gaulleer informed the American government that there is an estimated 25 billion barrels of crude oil In the countries of the Middle East, and the presence of at least five billion of them in Saudi Arabia, as oil was discovered in the Arab countries due to the rush to search for oil outside the borders of the United States, and the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) was established in 1960 by: Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, and Saudi Arabia Deya and Venezuela, in response to the campaign to reduce oil prices launched by oil companies. [2]

The oil

Oil is defined as a complex mixture of hydrocarbons that form on the ground in a liquid, gaseous, or solid state. This term is often limited to the liquid form called crude oil , and as a technical term it may include petroleum, natural gas, viscous or Steel, called bitumen, is found in the tar sands. Liquid and gaseous oil phases are among the most important major fossil fuel classes. [3]

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