How to learn to draw



Contents

  • 1 Learn to draw
  • 2 History of the drawing
  • 3 drawing tools
  • 4 How to draw
    • 4.1 Methods of drawing
    • 4.2 Basic drawing skills
    • 4.3 Basics of drawing
  • 5 principles of drawing
  • 6 References

Learning Drawing

Some possess the innate skill of drawing, but they need to know the methods used and see paintings to enrich this talent. If the person can not graphic and wants to possess this skill, he has to be patient and not give up after the experiences may be frustrating, Valsm as learning a new language needs to continue, and development, and needs some time.

History of the drawing

The earliest discovered drawings date back to 40,000 BC, carved on the walls of a cave on Sulawesi Island, Indonesia, using primitive tools. [1] During the time of the Pharaohs, that is, nearly three thousand years BC, the Pharaohs decorated the walls of temples and tombs with flat drawings. Then drawings developed over time periods from the Middle Ages to the Renaissance until the nineteenth century, in which art began to be liberated from the chains of the Church, until art entered a new stage in the twentieth century, in which its concept expanded greatly to include a group of artistic movements such as expressive, abstract, Cubism, postmodernism, and others. [2]


drawing tools

The tools used differ according to the type of painting to be drawn, and here are some of the tools needed in the drawing process:
  • Pencils: They are listed from lightest to darkest a scale of 7H to 6B, Fidel H on the toughest lines of light, and B Alotry dark lines, the greater the number H increasing severity of the pen , the greater the number B increases Taraute, so HB is the middle between grades It is equal in hardness and softness. [3]
  • Charcoal: It is in the form of sticks, which results in a velvet plate. Post-sprinkler anchors are used to maintain the graphics. [4]
  • Brushes: brushes vary depending on the type of colors used; shall be the special brush with soft bristles watercolor, while in oily colors shall be more coarse and rigid brush. There are different sizes of brushes, so the larger brush is given a single zero degree, and the zeros increase with the smaller the size of the brush, and it is mentioned that the smallest common size of the brush is 3 zeros. [5] [6]
  • Papers: When buying paper a person must feel his texture, and if he wants to draw a painting with fine details, he must choose the softest paper, but if he wants to draw main lines, he chooses the roughest paper. [4] In the watercolor, the thickness of the paper used varies, and it is made of cotton or flax fibers, and an additional volume is added to make it less absorbent. [7]

How to draw

There are some key points that are important to know before starting drawing, which helps to guide the person who intends to learn to draw, and to expand his awareness of the various aspects of the art.

Drawing methods

Diverse sources that can be relied upon painter in drawing his paintings, can be painted a scene or three - dimensional in front of him, which is called drawing note, or to paint a scene already seen, which is called the drawing of memory; which is one of the key skills in the drawing because the drawing depends Rather than remembering the scenes and their details, it is preferred, first of all, to look at the whole scene without focusing on one part until he remembers it, then he begins to scrutinize the details. [8] Anyone who wants to draw can also use his creativity to draw scenes and objects from his imagination, which is called drawing using imagination. The painter can use more than one style in his painting, such as using scenes from his imagination, and adding elements to the painting from his memory. [9]

And attention to detail is very important, and it means an accurate view of the details of things, such as their shapes, texture, and harmony with what is around them, so that the painter realizes the things he wants to draw, and it is an aspect that needs some practice to carefully observe what is around it. [10] Accuracy in drawing is required, but before the painter realizes the details of the scene in front of him there is something more important to master the painting and it is the feelings that a scene provokes in the same painter, or the impression he leaves in it, which causes him to express it more beautifully. The painting may be completely immovable in full detail in nature, but this does not affect its quality if it is based on feelings. [11]

Basic drawing skills

In order for the painter to start drawing, he must understand and understand the shape or environment to be painted. [12] [13]
  • Being aware of the edges: It is the outer frame that defines the shapes, and it may be two-dimensional or three-dimensional depending on the shape that the painter looks at, where he begins to draw the edges from any point, and this is the first step that enables him to determine the general shape of the plate. The painter must draw the edges while looking at the shape, not the drawing paper.
  • Perception of volumes: which is the recognition of the space occupied by an object in a vacuum.
  • Understanding relationships: they draw several forms next to each other, and see them as one unit, and as one group interacting with each other, and grouped together by one ocean.
  • Highlight shadows and shadows: Shadows and highlights help to better understand the shape of solids or shapes. Usually the lighting and shadows are gradual, as the light falling on the body gradually recedes towards the areas that the light does not reach, so the painter must draw the shadow in different degrees, and not move from the light to the dark directly. [14]
  • Full visibility.

Basics of drawing

The basics of drawing are aspects that precisely control the elements in a painting, and they are present in the nature of shapes and objects, but we do not read them because they have become one of the usual things, and they are important in drawing to show the painting correctly. Among these basics: [15]
  • Ratio: The aspect ratio of the width to the height be proportional to the shape to be drawn, so the panel appears balanced.
  • Perspective: The perspective differs according to the position of the vision and depending on the horizon, and the relationship must be consistent between the drawn object on the one hand, and its position as a stereoscopic perspective on the other.
  • Style: It is the arrangement used for the objects that make up the plate, to be in harmony with each other.

Principles of drawing

Some tend to think that the drawing only needs some skills, but the painter will not be able to produce a distinctive painting except with an artistic sense that depends on some principles, including: [16]
  • Simplicity: it is preferable when drawing not to exaggerate the elements used or the expressions to be conveyed, it is usually preferred that the painting does not contain more than three to four elements or ideas of central importance in the painting.
  • Color balance: Colors are an aesthetic element in the painting if they are balanced. Cold and warm colors, for example, are beautiful and comfortable for the eye if their relationships in the painting are balanced.
  • Variety: not all elements in the painting should be the same, for each element in the painting is distinguished by its shape, color and texture, with attention to the element of harmony between all elements in the painting. [17]

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