How to deal with snake bites and scorpions



Contents

  • 1 bites of snakes and scorpions
  • 2 scorpions
    • 2.1 Symptoms of a scorpion sting
    • 2.2 How to deal with scorpion stings
    • 2.3 Prevention of scorpion stings
  • 3 Snakes
    • 3.1 Symptoms of a venomous sting
    • 3.2 First aid for a snake bite
    • 3.3 Prevention of snake bites
  • 4 References

Snake bites and scorpions

Many people are exposed to snake bites and scorpions, and although most types of snakes and scorpions do not pose a real threat to human life, it is necessary to recognize the symptoms of stings, how to deal with them, and how to avoid them.

Scorpions

The scorpion belongs to a group of arachnids, the scorpion has a elongated body, eight legs, two pliers at the front of the body, and a tail made of pieces that end with the toxic needle that bites the scorpion. There are about (2000) types of scorpions in the world, but most of them do not constitute a danger, as only about (25-40) types can cause real, or fatal, harm to humans. Despite this, the bite of a scorpion is painful, and it can It is especially fatal if the bitten is a child. [1]


Symptoms of a scorpion sting

A person who is bitten by a scorpion feels pain, tingling, and numbness at the site of the injury, and the symptoms are often mild, but some people may experience severe symptoms, including: [2]
  • Difficulty swallowing.
  • Blurred vision.
  • spasm.
  • Increased salivation.
  • breathing difficulties.
  • Abnormal eye movement.
  • Numbness extending away from the sting.

How to deal with scorpion bites

The injured person and those around him must take the following measures when exposed to the scorpion sting : [3]
  • Clean the bite area with soap and water to get rid of toxic residue and reduce the risk of infection.
  • Calming the victim and limiting his movement, and keeping the bite at the heart level, or less to slow the spread of the poison.
  • Apply cold compresses to the injury area for a period of (10-15) minutes, remove them for ten minutes, and repeat this within the first two hours of the bite, to reduce pain and swelling, and to prevent the spread of toxicity quickly in the body, and if the victim suffers from problems in the blood circulation should The period for applying cold compresses should not exceed (5) minutes at a time.
  • Take pain relievers and non- steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs that do not require a prescription, such as: ibuprofen, aspirin, and follow the instructions provided. If the pain is severe, consult a doctor.
  • Seek emergency medical help if the person has lost consciousness, or has severe cramps, and perform cardiac resuscitation steps when the heart is suspected to have stopped beating.
  • See a doctor after performing the first aid to the injured even if he feels better, and the doctor may advise taking a tetanus vaccine, muscle relaxants, and antibiotics to avoid complications.

Urgent medical attention should be called in the following cases: [3]
  • If the person is a child, an adult, or has heart or lung problems.
  • If the person develops the following symptoms:
    • Vomiting .
    • Sweating.
    • Salivation, or foam coming out of the mouth.
    • Urination, or involuntary defecation.
    • Muscle spasms, inability to control head, neck, or eye movements.
    • Difficulty walking.
    • Irregular heartbeat .
    • Difficulty swallowing, speaking, breathing, or seeing.
    • Severe swelling caused by an allergic reaction.

Prevention of scorpion stings

To prevent scorpion stings, the following precautions should be taken: [4]
  • Avoid keeping piles of wood and rocks in the surrounding area.
  • Prune the trees around the house to ensure the scorpions do not get inside, and cut the grass regularly.
  • Close cracks, and use insulating materials around doors and windows to prevent scorpions from entering the home.
  • Inspect and inspect shoes and clothing that were not used for a long time before wearing them, as well as gardening gloves.
  • Wear clothes that cover your legs and arms when walking or camping, and check sleeping bags before using them.

Snakes

Most snakes are non-toxic, and despite this the exposure to sting from any snake will be bad. It is difficult to distinguish between poisonous snakes and non- poisonous snakes, so bites of all snakes must be treated as if they are poisonous. Among the most famous poisonous snakes, the copper-headed snake, coral snakes, water slippers, and rattled snakes must be mentioned. [5]

Symptoms of venomous sting

The bite of a snake can be distinguished from others by the presence of two holes or wounds in the area of ​​the bite. The symptoms of the poisonous snake bite differ according to the type of the snake. In general, the symptoms of the bite of the snake are as follows: [6] [7]
  • Feeling weak and dizzy.
  • Unconsciousness.
  • Convulsions.
  • Nausea, vomiting.
  • Diarrhea .
  • Increased pulse speed.
  • Muscle coordination disorder.
  • Swelling and redness in the sting area.
  • Numbness of the face and extremities.
  • Feeling pain in the sting area.
  • Vision disorder.
  • Breathing difficulty.
  • Sweating, drooling.

First aid for a snake bite

One of the things to consider when experiencing the following snake bites: [5]
  • Urgently seek medical help.
  • Calm and limit movement as possible, because movement speeds up the transmission of toxin in the body.
  • Dispose of jewelry or clothing surrounding the sting area as it will swell.
  • Take a photo of the snake if possible to identify its type, determine the appropriate treatment, and not try to catch it.
  • Gently clean the wound, and cover it with a clean cloth.
  • Upon reaching the medical center, treatment can be determined depending on the symptoms that appear on the patient, and the patient may remain under medical supervision for 24 hours, as some cases may take a long time for symptoms to develop. Medical treatment may include giving the person an anti-venom, an antibiotic to prevent wound infection, a tetanus vaccine, and in the case of severe bites, the doctor may resort to surgery.

Things to refrain from experiencing a snake bite , as they may make the situation worse, they are: [6] [7]
  • Oral toxic absorption, or via a suction pump.
  • Wash the sting area, because that will miss the opportunity to examine the remains of the poison, identify the type of snake, and determine the best treatment.
  • Use cold compresses where the wound is.
  • Raise the sting area above the level of the heart.
  • Give the injured pain relievers, or any medications except under medical supervision.
  • Eat any kind of food or drink.
  • The sting area is injured.
  • Use the tourniquet.

Prevention of snake bites

To prevent snake bites, the following is recommended: [5]
  • Avoid sitting, or inserting hands in places that might form a safe hideout for snakes, such as bushes, or near trees, tall grasses, or rocks.
  • Pay attention and look down while walking in places where there are snakes.
  • Not trying to catch a snake even if it's dead, because some snakes have the ability to sting a minute or so after they die.
  • Wear long-necked hiking shoes.
  • Make noise while walking in places where snakes are, to give it a chance to escape.

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