Health effects of tooth decay



Symptoms of tooth decay

The signs and symptoms of tooth decay vary according to the location and severity of the tooth decay, as the person may not feel any symptom at the beginning of the formation of necrosis, and with the increase in the size of caries, signs and symptoms may appear as follows: [1]
  • Feeling pain when biting.
  • White, black, or brown pigmentations appear on the surface of the tooth.
  • Toothache, which may happen suddenly, or without an apparent cause.
  • Feeling of mild to severe pain when drinking or eating hot, cold, or sweet food.
  • Tooth sensitivity.
  • Clear holes or holes in teeth.

Complications of tooth decay

Effects of cavities in the mouth

Tooth decay can lead to many health complications, as the bacteria that causes cavities can damage the areas surrounding the tooth from the gums and the bones of the teeth, and we mention from these complications the following: [2] [3]
  • Abscess formation: an abscess may form in the teeth in advanced cases of caries, where pus-filled bulges appear in the dental plaque causing heat, pain, and other symptoms of infection, and the matter can develop to the point of causing sepsis or blood poisoning (Sepsis: English ) In people with tooth decay.
  • Gingivitis and periodontitis: bacteria that multiply on the teeth can make the gums more susceptible to inflammation , as a result of the immune system rushing to eliminate infection. The bone that keeps the tooth in place, causing a severe health problem known as periodontitis, which is a more serious form of periodontal disease, in which the supporting ligament is damaged (Periodontal ligament), and the transcriptional bone (English: Alveolar bone), And jawbones, as can It causes problems on other sites of the body, gingivitis, and is characterized by pain, bloating, and redness of the gums, and may bleed upon touch or use a toothbrush.
  • Age damage and breakage: It can also weaken teeth and fall out.

Other decay effects

Decay can interfere with an individual’s ability to eat, it can also affect growth and development, and cause unemployment from work, and because children are more likely to decay, this may affect their school attendance. On the other hand it is worth noting that oral health is also reflected in the health of the body. For example, it has been found that periodontitis can affect blood sugar control. [2] [3]

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