Definition of health


  • 1 Health
  • 2 Definition of health
  • 3 Good health
  • 4 Elements of physical health
  • 5 Elements of mental health
  • 6 Elements of mental health
  • 7 areas of public health
    • 7.1 Health services
    • 7.2 Services that help improve health
  • Video 8 ways to preserve health
  • 9 References

the health

Some believe that health means that a person can enjoy wellness only, and be cured of all diseases and illnesses, but the concept of health reaches far beyond that. Ideal health has to integrate these aspects with each other. [1]

Definition of health

Health is defined as the condition of a person without any disease or disease, and it includes mental, social and physical health, just as a healthy mind is said in a healthy body. A healthy person is one who feels the safety of his body and body, but socially, he is a person with a realistic view of society The concept of health includes two things, the first of which is safety from all diseases and illnesses, and the second is that the patient will go and recover from it. [1]

The scientist defined health focuses (in English: Health) as (a state of relative balance of different functions of the body, resulting from the adaptation of the human body to the harmful factors to which it is exposed), and he also said that the adaptation of the body to those attending to the body is positive. the World Health organization has defined as a state of public safety from the physical , mental and social and not just to free the body from disease or to feel the helplessness of the individual, and the World Health organization has linked all aspects of psychological and The physical and social to each other like elements of the light spectrum that can not be separated from each other, if separated part of these aspects will result in lack of integration of valuable health of the individual. [2]

As for public health, it has several definitions in its modern concept, but the most famous of them is defining the world Winslow. to preserve the health of the environment, the fight against infectious diseases, and teach individuals how to maintain personal hygiene , in addition to working on the organization of nursing services and medicine with the aim of early diagnosis, preventive and treatment of various diseases, and the development of social services wa Living so as to enable the citizen to obtain full rights to health and treatment. [2]

good health

In order for the individual to realize the concept of good health, he must first realize the importance of sharing the different aspects of health that exist with him and every individual in society, and these aspects are: [1]
  • The physical aspect: It is the aspect that includes the concrete form of the individual's body and its five senses, namely touch, smell, vision, taste, and hearing. This requires good nutrition, adequate weight, purposeful exercise, and adequate rest.
  • Psychological aspect: It expresses different emotions and feelings, such as: fear, anger, joy, love, and forgiving others for their mistakes, and all the different feelings that give an individual happiness with himself and others.
  • The mental aspect: express the individual's thoughts, behaviors, beliefs, and analysis of the situations and for himself, so that the individual must have his own views and ideas and consider himself in a positive way away from negative thoughts.
  • Spiritual aspect: It is the side that expresses the individual's relationship with himself, his creations, his goal in life, and his relationship with his Creator, so a person needs an inner calm and sufficient confidence in his inner knowledge.

All of these aspects are closely related to each other. For example, if the individual suffers from back pain and requires a long period of bedding, this may lead him to enter into a state of depression or frustration, this is from the psychological and physical side, and as another example of the physical side being connected to the psychological side, then it is psychological. An individual ignores anger with a certain thing, as this can lead to a headache. [1]

Elements of physical health

Physical health has specific elements: [1]
  • Nutrition: The integrated and balanced food is the basis for the proper building of the human body, and the integrated food is classified into groups: sugars, fats, proteins, vitamins and minerals.
  • Physical exercise: physical exercise keeps the human body healthy, strengthens its muscles, improves the work of the heart muscle, improves the work of the mind, and also improves breathing, and sport works to prevent physical problems.
  • Rest and sleep: Rest increases human activity, vitality, and strength, as older people need more sleep periods than younger ones, and lack of sleep will lead to some physical problems.
  • Hygiene: It protects hygiene from bacteria and skin diseases.
  • Teeth: Taking care of the teeth and cleaning them daily with a brush and toothpaste before bed and after eating is one of the most important physical health factors , and a person must take care of the gums as well.

Mental Health Elements

Among the elements of mental health: [3]
  • Emotional growth: a person’s mental health is affected by the experiences he acquires from a young age, and is also influenced by sad and happy attitudes and experiences.
  • Acting with psychological stress: No person can move away from psychological pressure except that there are ways to help him deal with the psychological stresses of life that he is facing, including: exercising, exercising, relaxing, relaxing, and developing Mental.
  • Social Relationships : Social relationships have a major impact on human health, so that intimate relationships between friends and relatives give support and courage and increase mental health.

Elements of mental health

The elements of mental health aim to lead an individual in a peaceful life in which he will be satisfied with himself, and thus to build a strong, coherent and stable society, and these elements are: [4]

  • Self-esteem: so that individuals who enjoy mental health feel their acceptance of themselves and their appreciation of themselves.
  • Self-knowledge: People define themselves, and take into account their own feelings and their real motivations towards something.
  • Self-confidence: Individuals with mental health have great self-confidence and perform their work independently.

Mental health causes an individual to control his emotions, behaviors and emotions, so he avoids wrong behavior and behaves in a proper and normal way, and it has importance that does not less than the importance of physical health, so there is no need for a person to relate to his mental health, as there is no psychological health, as there is no mental health Important for achieving physical health and safety from diseases, and the concept of mental health is the ability of the individual to achieve harmony with himself and with his community, and is also the achievement of the individual satisfied with himself, which makes him able to achieve He is happy with himself and with others, and becomes able to withstand conflict in its various forms in life, and makes the best use of his abilities and talents. The Mental HealthIt represents an endless happiness for the person, so he can live without problems, make many friends, and be able to overcome any trauma or psychological pressure that he may be exposed to. [4]

Areas of public health

Public health includes administrative procedures such as planning, organization, health and vital statistics, epidemiological studies, health inspections, health community education, and management of health facilities such as dispensaries and hospitals, and its areas are divided into two parts: [2]

Health services

The services of the health departments, whether individually or in association with others, include the field of environmental health, the field of individual and social health such as caring for people with special needs, care of children and the elderly, pregnancy and childbirth, in addition to the field of combating communicable and communicable diseases, the application of quarantine at the national and national level, and education The individual is healthy, mentally and physically educated, enacting laws and unifying health standards.

Services that help improve health

There are many services that help raise the health level such as: social welfare, education, encouragement of higher studies, production and distribution of food, land reclamation, exploitation of natural resources and irrigation and sanitation services, improvement of veterinary services, youth care, and interest in family planning All services and projects operate in the service of public health, whether directly or indirectly.

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