Pre-pregnancy care




Contents

  • 1 Consult a doctor
  • 2 medical examinations
  • 3 mental health
  • 4 Some general advice
  • 5 References

doctor consultation

The doctor should be consulted when planning pregnancy , to know the health care requirements before him. Among the things that must be discussed with the doctor are the following: [1]

  • Conditions : Be sure to treat diseases such as thyroid disease, diabetes, blood pressure, or arthritis if they are infected, or make sure they are under control.
  • Life behaviors : You must inform the doctor about some of the behaviors that may affect the pregnancy if they are present, such as smoking, drinking alcohol, taking drugs, or living in a bad environment; to provide advice and help to overcome these problems.
  • Medicines : Taking some medications may cause serious birth defects, so talk to the doctor about these medications, whether they are prescribed or not, and dietary or herbal supplements, and make sure to take only the necessary medications.
  • Vaccines : It is usually recommended to take a set of vaccinations before, during or after pregnancy, to maintain the health of the mother and fetus.
  • History reproductive : This includes discussion of the previous experiences of pregnancy if any, the date of menstruation, and the use of the means of preventing pregnancy, and the results of cervical screening, and vaginal infections if any. [2]
  • Family health history : The doctor must be informed of any health problems inherited in the family, such as diabetes, high blood pressure, and stroke. [2]


Medical examinations

The doctor can recommend performing some medical tests such as: blood tests and a Pap smear to make sure that there are no health problems that may harm pregnancy, and examples include the following: [3]
  • Screening tests for rubella, or for immunity against it.
  • Immunity test against chickenpox.
  • Check for immunity against viral hepatitis B.
  • TSH examination to detect thyroid problems.
  • Cat Examination Screening (English: Toxoplasmosis).
  • Your doctor may recommend some genetic tests, such as thalassemia or sickle cell anemia.

Psychological health

Women who suffer from depression face fertility problems twice as compared to a healthy woman, according to Alice Doomer, director of the Doomar Center for Mind and Body Health in Boston, and she cannot take care of herself completely, nor will she be able to take care of her child; therefore Doomar recommends conducting psychological health checks Before pregnancy, especially in the case of a history of depression in the family, you should also consult a psychiatrist, especially in the presence of symptoms of depression, such as feeling hopeless, losing energy, changing sleep patterns and appetite, and losing pleasure, and the doctor may also help in choosing safe antidepressants before The period of pregnancy or during which, in addition to resorting to the practice of some tension control technologies; such as meditation and yoga , for example, which one research indicated that they may help women Almktibat pregnancy. [4]

Some general advice

Tips that you should pay attention to when planning a pregnancy include: [4]
  • Take a folic acid supplement. Eating 400 micrograms of folic acid a day before a month of pregnancy and during the first three months of it helps reduce the chances of some congenital problems such as neural tube defects as in the case of "spina bifida" by up to 50 - 70% According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), or preventing some other birth defects, it is also recommended that the amount of vitamin A in vitamin supplements when consumed does not exceed 770 micrograms, because eating large amounts of Different vitamins A can cause some birth defects.
  • Review the dentist, as hormonal shifts during pregnancy increase the chances of gum disease.
  • Good nutrition : You must pay attention to proper nutrition in order to store the nutrients necessary for healthy pregnancy in the body, so it is recommended to eat no less than two cups of fruit, and two and a half cups of vegetables per day, in addition to a sufficient amount of whole grains, and foods rich in calcium and protein.
  • Stop drinking alcohol and smoking, as many studies have indicated that they lead to an increased risk of miscarriage and premature birth.
  • Maintaining a healthy weight, as being overweight may increase the difficulty of pregnancy, as it increases the risk of some problems during pregnancy, such as high blood pressure and gestational diabetes, in addition to increasing the chances of a cesarean delivery and the birth of a stillbirth. [5]

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