From the first to explain the composition of the eye


  • 1 Ibn al-Haytham
    • 1.1 Ibn al-Haytham was the first to explain the composition of the eye
    • 1.2 The works of Ibn al-Haytham
    • 1.3 The View Book

Ibn al-Haytham

Ibn al-Haytham was born in Iraq, specifically in the city of Basra in 965 AD, it came in the period that is considered golden for Islam, in which knowledge spread, and the Islamic world was the most developed and prosperous, and a dispute occurred among scholars on the origin of Ibn al-Haytham whether he was Arab, or Persian. He was likely to be an Arab of origin, and Ibn al-Haytham began to seek knowledge in Basra, as he began reading many books related to the Islamic faith, in addition to scientific books, and we will introduce you in this article to the first to explain the composition of the eye, and the works of Ibn al-Haytham, in addition to the book of views.

Ibn Al-Haytham is the first to explain the structure of the eye

Ibn al-Haytham is considered the first to explain the structure of the eye, where he presented many achievements in: mathematics, physics, optics, astronomy, anatomy, ophthalmology, scientific philosophy, visual perception, and followed the scientific method in conducting his experiments, and wrote a lot of Books, as he discovered many things confirmed by modern science.

Acts of Ibn al-Haytham

Ibn al-Haytham has achieved many accomplishments in most sciences, especially in optics. His works have received great appreciation, as it is the beginning of a new era in the field of optics research, and his research in optics focused on studying optical systems through the use of mirrors, especially concave mirrors. And spherical, and spherical aberration, and his research demonstrated that the ratio between the angle of incidence and the angle of refraction is not equal, and Ibn al-Haytham presented a lot of research on the forces of magnification of the lenses.

Ibn al-Haytham was recently honored, as his name was given to one of the volcanic gaps on the surface of the moon, and that was in the year 1999 AD, as he was named to one of the newly discovered asteroids, and in Pakistan the chair of ophthalmology was named after him at the University of Aga Khan.

The Book of Views

The Book of Views is considered one of the famous books written by Ibn Al-Haytham, and it includes seven volumes specializing in optics and scenery, and was written in a period ranging between 1011 AD -1021 AD, and this book was translated into Latin at the end of the twelfth century, by a cleric who did not know his name And his translation greatly influenced Western science, and the scientist Friedrich Reisner printed it in 1572 AD, under the title (The Optical Treasure: The Seven Books of the Arab Hazen, Volume One, The Rise of Clouds and Twilight), and Roger Bacon's works were influenced by this book, in addition to the works of Johannes Kepler, It also helped to develop the experimental approach in an image big.

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