What is the definition of the Internet Writing by Ruba Shishtawi - Last updated: 06:02, 10 October 2017


  • 1 The Internet
  • 2 The most important Internet protocols
  • 3 website
  • 4 web browser
  • 5 hypertext markup language
  • 6 Deep web
  • 7 References


The Internet (English: Internet) is defined as a global network that includes millions of computers from more than 190 countries, and they are connected to each other for the purpose of exchanging data, news and opinions. The Internet is the largest computer network in the world, due to the huge number of computers and servers connected to each other from around the world by routers (Switches), it is similar to the mechanism of work with home networks or those in companies, but they differ in a number Connected devices. [1] [2]
The process of establishing the Internet began at the end of the sixties of the last century, and the first successful message was sent by it in October 1969 AD, and in 1993, it witnessed the largest increase in the number of its users throughout its history. The Internet contains billions of web pages (in English: Web pages) filled with various information and entertainment, which are created by different people and companies around the world, and the Internet contains thousands of services that facilitate people’s lives and reduce their time and effort, and examples include On these services, the ability to manage a bank account and view its information via the Internet. [1]

The most important Internet protocols

Several protocols are used in the Internet to facilitate communication between network devices. Among these protocols are the following: [3] [4]
  • Internet Protocol (English: IP): The Internet protocol is the basis for other protocols, and is responsible for making basic communications between connected devices, so that each connected device has its own address represented by numbers.
  • Hypertext Transfer Protocol (English: HTTP): It is a set of rules agreed upon for the purpose of transferring files, such as images, sound, documents, and others across the World Wide Web, as any visit to any webpage will be used. This protocol is in it.
Web servers contain what is called (English: Daemon), which is a program that receives requests for hypertext transfer protocol sent through a client to this protocol (English: HTTP Client), which is an example of a web browser, when the user visits a site using a browser Then, a request is sent to the hypertext transfer protocol for the IP address (English: IP address) indicated by the website address , after which it is answered by the program that transmits and sends files related to the web page to it.
  • HTTPS: This is a more secure version of the regular hypertext transfer protocol, as connections made with it have a protection layer that is not present at the end.
  • File Transfer Protocol (English: FTP): The file transfer protocol is the oldest of all Internet protocols except the Internet Protocol, as it became available for use in 1971 AD. The file transfer protocol is used to upload and upload files from one device to another device within the network, and this protocol is not secure if its settings are not set correctly, and the connection may be compromised if the settings are left the same.
  • Secure Transfer Protocol (English: SSH): It is a method for transferring data securely. It contains many features of the file transfer protocol, but it is more secure, contains more features, and allows access to servers and the implementation of remote commands.
  • TELNET Protocol: TELNET provides access to and control of computers remotely. However, it lacks secure communication standards, as it does not encrypt the data sent and received over the network.


The website (in English: Website) is a place on the Internet that includes web pages linked to each other, and these pages can be accessed and opened by visiting the main page of websites by a web browser, by typing the website address in the designated field in the browser, and in the event Not knowing the address, so one of the search engines (English: Search Engines) can be used to find out . Websites can be created by people, companies, or governments. [5]

Web browser

Web browser (English: Web browser) is a program used to enter websites in addition to information on the network such as the World Wide Web, and there are several types of web browsers, each with different features and forms. After the user types and accesses the website address, the browser receives a code written in HTML (English: HTML) or another language from the web server, after which this code is translated and the page is rendered (English: Render) to appear as required. [6]

Hypertext markup language

HyperText Markup Language, which is abbreviated as "HTML", is a set of symbols and tags that are written in a file to explain to the browser how to display it to the page and what it contains of images and writings as required. Each text in the file forms an element on the page . [7]

The following example shows how to display a webpage using hypertext markup language that includes a title followed by text: [8]
<DOCTYPE html!>
<h1 /> Here is the title of <h1>
<p /> Here there is text. <p>
<body />
<html />

The following example shows how to insert an image into a web page using the HTML script: [8]
<"img src =" image.jpg "alt =" Any text here. "width =" 104 "height =" 142>

Deep network

The term Deep web expresses the content of the Internet that is not publicly visible, and which the Internet user cannot access even if he resorted to search engines. The deep network is represented by password-protected objects and non-permanent links, in addition to emails, accounts Banking, personal messages on social media such as Twitter (English), protected images, Intranet (English: Intranet), and more. [9]

Raw data is considered as government data, or that used by scientists and researchers, in addition to databases that can be used in preparing all research within the scope of the deep network, and the dark network is also part of the deep network. [9]

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