The concept and meaning of democracy



Contents

  • 1 The concept of democracy
    • 1.1 Defining democracy as a language
    • 1.2 Defining democracy as a convention
  • 2 types of democracy
  • 3 Video of the rule of the people or not?
  • 4 References

The concept of democracy

Defining democracy as a language

The word   democracy in English (: democracy originated in Greek demosKratia); where the word consists of two parts: the first part of the word (Deimos: Greek Demos), and its meaning: the general public, or the people, and the second part (Kratos: Greek Kratia / Kratos) means: judgment, The sum of the word is given meaning: the rule of the people, or the rule of the common people.

Defining democracy as a convention

It is one of the existing systems of government , in which governance, legislation, or the authority to issue laws is the right of the people, people, or nation (whose concept later appeared to be the concept of the people). In short, democracy means that the rule is for the people (the rule of the people for the people) and it is the most important characteristic that distinguishes democracy from other systems of government. [1]

The British Encyclopedia believes that democracy can be used in several meanings, including: parliamentary, legal , and direct. As for direct democracy, it is considered one of the many forms of government, in which citizens exercise the right to make decisions in political matters based on the opinion of the majority, and the word democracy may also be used to describe any other system, whether political, social, or economic. As for the American Encyclopedia, it defines democracy as: the different ways in which people participate in government , and these methods are direct ones, including liberalism that depends on popular representation, constitutional government, and the right to universal suffrage, and this type of democracy is prevalent in the United States and Britain. [2]

And because the development of constitutions goes hand in hand with the development of the idea of democracy , the constitutional movement in the world has undergone many changes, including what were foundational, such as the American and French constitution , including what were not the constitutions of newly independent countries, or appeared after the dissolution of the Soviet Union, as is the case In the countries of Eastern Europe, some of which were launched with the rise of new powers, such as India, Turkey and Brazil. Although there are many paths of democratic transformation, these countries relied on a certain set of factors when writing and adopting their constitutions, the most important of which are: the level of social development in the country, and the country's regional and international conditions at the moment of democratic transformation, and for this reason the constitution and orderWhat is appropriate for a particular country may not correspond to another, for the democratic transformation of one state is not necessarily a complete overthrow of the old constitution, but rather may be by making a set of amendments to it to suit the new stage and its nature. [3]

Types of democracy

Democracy can be divided into two types: [4]
  • Direct democracy: or what is called pure democracy , whereby people vote on decisions issued by the government, such as ratifying or rejecting newly established laws, and they are called direct democracy ; because people in them exercise their right directly to decision-making without the presence of mediators, or whoever acts on behalf of For them, this type of government was rare, because there is difficulty in having and gathering individuals in one place, in order to conduct the voting process for the decisions that have been put in place, and therefore all previous democracies of the direct type were within the limits of small societies, and who is famous for direct democracies Athen A old one.
  • Parliamentary democracy: It is the political system in which the members of the government are voted upon by the people of the people, and these members make decisions that are compatible with the interests of the voters, and they are named so because the people do not vote for themselves on the decisions taken by the government, but the representatives who decide on them are elected, and it has spread This type of democracy in recent times, until the majority of the world's population has come to rule in this manner of parliament, which is also called (in special cases) the Republican system.

0 Comments