How to know pregnancy

How to know pregnancy



Contents

  • 1 pregnancy
  • 2 How to know pregnancy
    • 2.1 Initial pregnancy symptoms
    • 2.2 Pregnancy tests
      • 2.2.1 Urine tests
      • 2.2.2 blood test
      • 2.2.3 Internal examination
  • 3 References

Pregnancy

Pregnancy occurs when the egg is fertilized by the sperm (English: Sperm) after it is released from the ovary by the process of ovulation (English: Ovulation), then the fertilized egg (English: Fertilized egg) moves to the uterus, to occur in the implant process (English: Implantation), and thus leads to the occurrence of pregnancy, and the full pregnancy usually lasts for forty weeks, and pregnancy weeks are divided into three basic stages, as the pregnant woman needs medical care throughout the pregnancy, and most women visit the doctor for the first time during the eighth week of pregnancy, and you may need Women who Pregnancy is considered more vulnerable, such as women who are over the age of 35 years, or living with chronic diseases , the doctor visiting the early. [1]

How to know pregnancy

Some initial signs that indicate pregnancy may occur, but many of these signs are not conclusive evidence of pregnancy, as it may occur due to a health problem, or due to the proximity of the menstrual period , and that pregnancy can occur without noticing any of the These signs, therefore, it is possible to resort to a home pregnancy test if her initial symptoms of pregnancy appear, and if the result is positive for this test , it is advised to visit the specialist to receive the necessary medical care. [2]


Initial pregnancy symptoms

There are a number of common signs that indicate pregnancy occurs early, and the symptoms of pregnancy differ from one woman to another, as women may experience all of these symptoms, or some of them, or none of them, and in what comes mention of these symptoms: [3]
  • The absence of the menstrual cycle: It is one of the most obvious signs of pregnancy, but it is not a sure sign of pregnancy, as the menstrual cycle may be affected by many factors, such as: fatigue, stress, excessive exercise, the effect of diet, and imbalance of body hormones .
  • Frequent urination: It is considered one of the first signs that occur at the beginning of pregnancy, and the reason is attributed to the secretion of the pregnancy hormone called human chorionic gonadotropin (English: Human chorionic gonadotropin), after the embryo has been transplanted into the uterine wall.
  • Fatigue: Pregnant women can feel very tired due to high levels of the hormone progesterone.
  • Feeling of nausea: Most pregnant women feel morning sickness, and it is worth noting that nausea is not limited to the morning, as it may occur at any time of the day, and nausea can begin two weeks after the transplant.
  • Breast pain: likely to become breast painful when touched, as the color of the nipples may change to become darker.

There are also other signs that may indicate the occurrence of pregnancy, and here are some of them: [4]
  • Implantation bleeding: Mild bleeding may appear when the fertilized egg attaches to the wall of the uterus called implantation bleeding , and this occurs 6-12 days after the egg is fertilized.
  • Spasms: Some spasms that are similar to menstrual cramps may occur.
  • Vaginal discharge: Milky white discharge from the vagina may be noticed , and this is related to the increase in the thickness of the cells of the vaginal lining.
  • Constipation: High progesterone can cause slow food movement in the intestine, and constipation . [5]
  • Mood swings: It is considered a common occurrence especially in the first three months. [5]
  • Dizziness and fainting: These symptoms may be related to the expansion of blood vessels, low blood pressure, and low blood sugar. [5]
  • Wanting to eat: Some women feel constant hunger, a tendency to choose certain types of foods, or avoid types of foods that they liked previously. [3]
  • Mineral taste in the mouth: Many women complain of feeling the metallic taste (in English: Metallic taste) in the mouth during the early stages of pregnancy. [3]

Pregnancy tests

Urine tests

A home test device is usually usedTo detect the presence of pregnancy, this device reveals the presence of the human chorionic gonadotropin hormone in the urine, as this hormone is produced from the placenta when pregnancy occurs, as the level of this hormone rises after a period of fertilized egg attachment to the wall of the uterus, then its level doubles very quickly over time The accuracy of this test depends on the extent to which the instructions attached to it are followed, as well as the time that the test was taken, and if the test was taken very early in the period, the test result may appear negative despite the presence of the pregnancy, because the placenta needs some time to produce a hormone The pregnancy It is sufficient to be discovered, and it is worth noting that it is possible to obtain an accurate result using the first urine in the morning, as it contains a high percentage of the pregnancy hormone, and if the result of the first test is negative, and there is still a suspicion of the presence of pregnancy, the test can be taken again after Several days, because the pregnancy hormone increases rapidly[6] Urine testing can also be performed in a hospital clinic by the doctor, or by medical care providers. [7]

blood test

A blood test is carried out in medical laboratories to confirm the presence of pregnancy, and this examination can reveal the presence of pregnancy even before the absence of the menstrual cycle, as it can reveal the presence of small quantities of the gonadotropin hormone human chorionic , and blood tests are considered 99% accurate, and often What is used to confirm the results of a home pregnancy test, and during a blood test, the health care professional takes a blood sample from a vein in the arm using a small needle, then a small amount of blood is collected in a test tube, and this process takes less than five minutes. [8]

Internal examination

The doctor performs the internal examination at least two weeks after the absence of the menstrual cycle to check for changes that occur in the uterus and cervix, and in the event of pregnancy the doctor will notice a change in the color and size of the cervix, and most doctors will then perform blood tests , or Urine to confirm pregnancy. [7]

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