Definition of racism



Contents

  • 1 Definition of racism
  • 2 foundations of racism
  • 3 terms related to racism
    • 3.1 Race and ethnicity
    • 3.2 Racial discrimination
  • 4 forms of racism
  • 5 The place of the spread of racism
  • 6 Apartheid video
  • 7 References

Definition of racism

Racism is the thoughts, beliefs, convictions, and behaviors that raise the value of a particular group or a particular group at the expense of other groups, based on inherited matters related to people's abilities, character, or customs, and sometimes depend on skin color, culture , place of residence, or customs, Or language, or beliefs. [1] It can also give the right to the group that has been raised to control other groups in their fate and being, and to deprive them of their rights and their contempt without a right or a clear reason. [2]

Racism emerged from the beginning of God’s life on this earth, and it is considered one of the causes of strife , and the most prominent cause of wars and division, and it is one of the deadliest diseases in societies, and the era was not without them. [3] [4] An example of this is the slave trade that some countries engage in black-skinned Africans, who become slaves for no reason other than the difference in color. [5]

Foundations of racism

There are several foundations on which racism and its practitioners are based, including: [6] [7]
  • Skin color : This is what blacks in South Africa and America suffer greatly through several incidents that have occurred and are still occurring, as reports indicate that racist events have increased significantly in all corners of South Africa, in schools, universities, restaurants, and on social networking sites, according to the Commission on Human Rights. In South Africa, which led to a sense of disappointment among blacks because of the declared racism. [8]
  • Nationalism: Relative to the people, or to the group that are related to each other by specific connections, such as the Jewish nationality. [9]
  • The language.
  • Habits.
  • Beliefs, such as political opinion.
  • Cultures.
  • Social classes; where the rich and the poor despise and control them, the treatment and respect of the individual is based on his social standing. [10]

Terms related to racism

Race and ethnic

The difference between race and ethnicity is that race is concerned with biological characteristics, while ethnicity transcends these characteristics to be concerned with the cultural dimensions and the materialistic aspects of man and identity . [11]

racism

Racial discrimination is the treatment of people with disparity and disproportionate form, categorizing them based on their affiliation with a specific race or nationality, and creating an aggressive, degrading, humiliating atmosphere based on the aforementioned bases of racism. [3] There are several forms of racial discrimination that are prohibited under the Equal Status Act, including:
  • Direct discrimination: It is dealing in an inferior manner, belittling a person’s contempt and disdain, and favoring another person over him in return, and between the party practicing discrimination and the party practicing discrimination is direct and declared without hidden intentions, such as that a commercial store refuses to serve a customer because of its national or minority affiliation What. [12]
  • Indirect Discrimination: It is when setting conditions and laws that are applied to a specific group of society without another and without a clear reason for that, and these conditions are in favor of another category, which causes harm and harm to the first category, as if the employer requests a condition in the person applying for work that does not affect the course The work itself, but because of racism and discrimination, requires mastery of the Chinese language, for example, without the work itself being in need of the Chinese language. [12]
  • Inconvenience: the act of harming one group over another for racist reasons, such as when a classmate harms his classmate for his color or language, or displays derogatory goods and materials for a certain class in shops. [3]

Forms of racism

Racism and racial discrimination have several forms: [13]
  • Individual discrimination: Racism is directed at the individual himself, and this discrimination indicates unequal treatment of the individual because he is an individual.
  • Legal discrimination: Racism is directed at one group for the benefit of other groups, where the law is used and imposed unfairly to achieve inequality , and clear examples of this are apartheid, depriving black Africans of property rights, work, and the exercise of constitutional rights during the civil war in South America.
  • Institutional discrimination: racism is directed at benefiting and achieving the goals of one group at the expense of other groups, as this leads to depriving these groups of their rights, for example the caste system in Indian society .

The place of the spread of racism

Racism grows and grows in the fields of discrimination, ignorance and division, and stems from a mistaken concept that is not related to humanity at all, because God has revealed to us religion through his messengers and the law of the law that does not differentiate between people, they are equal and are not separated by color or religion, and there is no differentiation between them except with piety, so the creation that All religions call him the only identity that can make a person a better person.

With knowledge and knowledge, not by ignorance, a person can rise and elevate his thought, to establish a solid psychological base that promotes the human concept to spread an idea to the whole world, stating that human beings are equal and there is no difference between them, all of them are equal, so there is no difference for an Arab on a Ajami except with piety. [14]

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