Definition of immigration


  • 1 Immigration
  • 2 Definition of immigration
  • 3 reasons for immigration
  • 4 Immigration results
    • 4.1 Political outcomes
    • 4.2 Economic results
  • 5 types of immigration
  • 6 Conclusion
  • 7 video on migration, its causes and consequences
  • 8 References


Many people leave annually from their countries and the lands on which they live to other countries, and they usually differ in culture, customs and social traditions from their country, so they are forced to adapt so that they can live in the new society that they reached, especially if their stay in it is permanent after participating in a trip It is a long journey to travel from their country to the new country they will live on, and this journey that leads to the stability of individuals in a country is permanently called immigration.

Definition of immigration

Immigration is a word derived from the triple word (Hajar), which means moving away from the place, or giving away something, and migration is also known as moving people from one place to another in order to settle in the new place. [1] As for the term immigration, it is defined as the move from the mother country to settle in another country, and it is the movement of individuals in which the movement takes place individually or collectively from their original homeland to a new homeland, and there are usually many circumstances that lead to migration, such as the spread of civil or external wars In countries, or poor economic conditions that are catalysts for migration. Diaspora countries are keen to implement a set of legal and legislative mechanisms that guarantee the protection and full respect of migrants' rights. According to the 2013 Census of Immigration, the number of migrants from their countries of origin reached 247 million.[2]

Causes of migration

There are a number of reasons that lead to migration, which are: [3]
  • The search for a job is better than previous work , and it is often the main goal and reason for emigration from the mother countries to other countries.
  • Escape from war situations in countries that are permanently affected by wars.
  • Political or humanitarian asylum when suffering from intellectual, religious or social persecution.
  • Escape natural disasters , such as diseases, famines, earthquakes , and volcanoes .

Immigration results

Migration results in a set of results, which are: [4]

Political consequences

It is a set of results that directly affect the countries receiving migrants, as it contributes to change from the general political reality, and imposes the inclusion of migrants in society by giving them many privileges for ordinary citizens, which leads to influence the political thought prevailing in the countries, and make them more capable Accepting the integration of immigrants into its population.

Economic results

It is one of the most impactful results on the countries hosting migrants, as the economy is affected significantly with the increase in the number of migrants, and whose results show an increase in the demand for basic materials, which ultimately leads to an increased need for countries to provide economic support, by relying on aid. Foreign other countries, which contribute to the support of the host countries of migrants economy, in order to bear the expenses of their reception, especially if the population with income limited in those countries will be affected by the negative impact of economic changes seen Vq migration.

Types of immigration

Migration is divided into a group of types, including: [5]
  • Internal migration: It is the migration of people from one region to another in the same homeland, that is, within the borders of the state. Examples include migration from the countryside to the city.
  • External migration : It is the migration of individuals from their homeland, that is, outside the borders of the state to another country near or far from their country of origin.
  • Secret migration : It is one of the most dangerous types of migration, as it relies on secret escaping from one country to another without the use of identification documents, or any official documents, and often this type of migration produces many negative consequences for migrants, such as: arresting them, or exposing their lives At risk, which could eventually lead them to death.


Individuals generally seek to find a better life, so most of them choose to migrate to new countries and places that help them to improve their standard of living, or to escape political turmoil and wars , but migration may constitute a set of effects on migrants and the countries they are heading to, so migration affects some individuals Through the difficulty of adapting them to the nature of life in the new country, especially with the emergence of cultural and social differences, and also many migrants find nothing but the difficult work to work on, which takes long working hours, low wages, and difficult working conditions.

Immigration affects countries with high population density , which leads to increased rates of unemployment and poverty , and the emergence of many political and economic outcomes that negatively affect the rates of public income in the country, but this effect is considered to be varied and depends on the economic and political situation. With economic and political stability, it is best to receive immigrants.

Immigration is divided into a group of types, and each of them has a different impact on migrants, as internal migration is one of the least influential types of migration compared to external migration that requires high financial expenditures, and in the event that the appropriate amount of money cannot be secured, immigration is resorted to. They are often illegal, and have many negative consequences for migrants.

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